There are several things you will want to keep in mind when making asphalt repairs. First, consider what has caused the asphalt to fail. The two most common reasons for asphalt failure are ultraviolet rays and water damage. Ultraviolet rays break down the asphaltic material in asphalt, resulting in cracks. The water penetrates the asphalt through the cracks and allows the sub base material to become saturated and washed out. When the base material is washed out from underneath the asphalt, it allows the asphalt to further fail and eventually turn into a pothole. Once a pothole is created, the base underneath the pothole now needs to be addressed before paying over it again.
To start, the base material that has been saturated must be removed. Normally the size of equipment necessary for excavation depends on the size of the troubled area. The material can be removed with anything from a small skid steer to large excavation equipment. Once the area has been evaluated and the material has been removed, the perimeter of the troubled area will need to be saw cut. Saw cuts are made first by popping chalk lines using a caulk box. These chalk lines are followed with the saw insuring straight cuts around the perimeter of the troubled area. By executing these steps in the beginning your end product will be stronger and more attractive.
After the saw cuts are made around the perimeter, neatly clean out asphalt and materials in the affected area. The area needs to be clean and free of debris. asphalt repair. asphalt repair. All wet materials should be removed from the area to insure a proper foundation for the new base material. After removing the wet materials, replace the area with a new compactable material, such as stone or crush and run. Depending on the size and depth of the excavation, it may be necessary to compact the new material in lifts as it is put into place. After placing the proper compaction of the base material, a tack coat should be applied. This tack coat will insure adhesion between the base material and the new paving.
Finally, you are ready for paving. The new asphalt paving material should be applied at the same depth as the existing asphalt. To ensure the area matches the elevation of the existing asphalt,you will need to make sure the new asphalt has been compacted with a vibratory roller compactor. Last but not least, clean up the entire work area with a blower and remove all excess debris.
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